A moderate form of heat illness caused by heat stress and strenuous physical activity. Athletes become dehydrated to point that they cannot sustain adequate cardiac output. Symptoms include pale skin, profuse sweating, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, dizziness, loss of coordination.
Remove the athlete from play for the entire day
Administer and replace fluids and electrolytes
Monitor for changes
Depending on the severity, a physician may be asked to clear the athlete for play.
A life-threatening emergency and most severe form of heat illness. It can occur suddenly with an individual collapsing and experiencing CNS abnormalities (altered consciousness, seizures, confusion, emotional instability, irrational behavior) as well as tissue damage resulting from elevated body temp. Symptoms include hot skin, sweating less than with heat exhaustion, shallow fast breathing, rapid strong pulse, nausea vomiting or diarrhea, headache, dizziness, weakness, decreased bp, dehydration.
Immediately stop activity
Cool the athlete rapidly with cold or ice water
The athlete must be cleared by a physician to return to play