High School
Departments & Courses, In Brief

High School Courses

World and Classical Languages

Since High School is the time to consider adding a new language to your program, we are giving you brief descriptions of the different languages we offer to assist you.

Students must see the department chair when beginning language classes.  After that, placement in sections is done by the department until the students reach elective levels.  You must begin your course registration by signing up for language first. Many of the courses have only one section.

CLASSICAL LANGUAGES:

Latin: “To read the Latin and Greek authors in their original, is a sublime luxury, and it is an innocent enjoyment... I thank on my knees him who directed my early education, for having put into my possession this rich source of delight; and I would not exchange it for anything which I could then have acquired, and have not since acquired.” (Thomas Jefferson - Letter to Priestley, Jan. 27, 1800)

The study of Latin presents an enriching opportunity to engage with the language, literature, history, philosophy, art, government, and religion of the Roman empire, and to explore its profound influence on our own civilization. Students discover that 65% of English words (and more than 90% of those over two syllables) come from Latin. By systematically grappling with Latin's precise and logical syntax, the students exercise and develop analytic thinking, bolstered by an acute attention to detail. The practice with close-reading that translating Latin texts provides helps students to build text-based arguments and understand how rhetoric may be employed in English as well as Latin. Translating Roman literature allows students to reach into the past and explore the culture of ancient Rome from the Romans’ own perspective, thereby gaining insight into their own cultural moment and how the present is shaped by the past.

WORLD LANGUAGES:

French: French plays a role in world culture, literature, arts, history and science.  As the second language of the United Nations and an official language of many countries, French is also an important language for diplomacy and commerce.  Of the millions of people who speak French worldwide, fewer than half live in France. For this reason, our curriculum seeks to expose students to the diversity of the Francophone world. All four language skills - listening, reading, speaking and writing - are stressed, with a particular emphasis on oral communication and written production.

Spanish:  Spain is an integral member of the European Union and U.S. relations with Latin America continue to gain greater importance. Spanish speakers are in high demand and the study of Spanish is becoming more desirable than ever.  Mastering Spanish will open many doors, not only to foreign cultures, but also to many aspects of our own culture locally and nationally. Students of Spanish at Dalton have the unique opportunity to apply their knowledge on a daily basis through direct contact with a wide range of Hispanic people, and through their exposure to an ever-growing variety of music, theater, film, daily publications, and radio and TV in Spanish.  In addition to the development of oral and writing skills, our students’ interaction with teachers from several Spanish-speaking countries, enriches their language experience. Technology and interactive multimedia play a significant role in our curriculum.

Chinese (Mandarin): Chinese claims more native speakers than any other language and China is considered one of the world’s superpowers.  In the course of the next few decades, it seems inevitable that China will become more central to U.S. endeavors abroad, and the ability to speak Chinese will likewise become a valuable asset in many careers and fields.  In addition, the Chinese language is the gateway to one of the world’s great cultures, whose customs, social structures and literature stretch back 5000 years. Chinese is special among Dalton’s language offerings for its use of characters rather than an alphabet to write and also for its tonal phonetics. These intriguing features make Mandarin quite different from European languages, and with that difference comes an extraordinary perspective. Successful students of Mandarin are savvy, effective “global citizens” who can engage authentically with Chinese cultures, both in New York City, and around the world.
  • Latin 1

    Beginning study of grammar, vocabulary, and translation.
    Text: First Year Latin, Jenney, Scudder and Baade
    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit

  • Latin 2

    Continuation of Latin 1.  Upper level grammar is introduced alongside prolonged translations.  
    Text: First Year Latin, Jenney, Scudder and Baade
    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • Latin 3 - Selected Latin Authors

    Students in this course review the curriculum of upper level grammar and syntax in tandem with translation of texts taken from ancient authors, including Livy, Eutropius, Caesar and Ovid.  This class emphasizes the development of translation skills, the ability to identify grammar and understand syntax, and the expansion of vocabulary.

    Prerequisite: Latin 2
    Text: Second Year Latin, Jenney, Scudder and Baade
    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
     
    Requires Preapproval
  • Caesar

    Students translate selections from Caesar's De BelloGallico.  This is the first class in which students make the leap to pure translation of text.  Grammar and solid, idiomatic translation are a continued focus. Historiography and the role of Rome in Gaul and neighboring states are important considerations, as is the Roman army.

    A-level credit is available for this course with permission from the teacher and the department chair. Students may choose to undertake A-level assignments, the scope of which exceed that of the regular class.

    Text: Second Year Latin, Jenney, Scudder and Baade
    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required

    Requires Preapproval
  • Caesar 'A'

    Students translate selections from Caesar's De BelloGallico.  This is the first class in which students make the leap to pure translation of text.  Grammar and solid, idiomatic translation are a continued focus. Historiography and the role of Rome in Gaul and neighboring states are important considerations, as is the Roman army.

    A-level credit is available for this course with permission from the teacher and the department chair. Students may choose to undertake A-level assignments, the scope of which exceed that of the regular class. 

    Text: Second Year Latin, Jenney, Scudder and Baade
    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required

    Requires Preapproval
  • Cicero

    Selections from the first Catilinarian and other works, which may include court cases, political speeches or private letters, introduce students the richness of Cicero's style. Historical, biographical, socio-political and cultural backgrounds are important components of this course. Students also do work with figures of speech and rhetorical devices.

    A-level credit is available for this course with permission from the teacher and the department chair. Students may choose to undertake A-level assignments, the scope of which exceed that of the regular class.

    Text: Third Year Latin, Jenney, Scudder and Baade, varied texts
    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • Cicero 'A'

    Selections from the first Catilinarian and other works, which may include court cases, political speeches or private letters, introduce students the richness of Cicero's style. Historical, biographical, socio-political and cultural backgrounds are important components of this course. Students also do work with figures of speech and rhetorical devices.

    A-level credit is available for this course with permission from the teacher and the department chair. Students may choose to undertake A-level assignments, the scope of which exceed that of the regular class.

    Text: Third Year Latin, Jenney, Scudder and Baade, varied texts
    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • Virgil

    Students translate selected passages from several books of the Aeneid, concentrating on Virgil’s style.  Discussions and assignments focus on literal and free translation of the text, on poetic meter, major themes, the figurative language of epic verse, and the socio-political reformation of the Augustan Age.

    A-level credit is available for this course with permission from the teacher and the department chair. Students may choose to undertake A-level assignments, the scope of which exceed that of the regular class.
     
    Text: Virgil’s Aeneid, Pharr
    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • Virgil 'A'

    Students translate selected passages from several books of the Aeneid, concentrating on Virgil’s style.  Discussions and assignments focus on literal and free translation of the text, on poetic meter, major themes, the figurative language of epic verse, and the socio-political reformation of the Augustan Age.

    A-level credit is available for this course with permission from the teacher and the department chair. Students may choose to undertake A-level assignments, the scope of which exceed that of the regular class.

    Text: Virgil’s Aeneid, Pharr
    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • Latin Lyric Poetry

    Students read the poetry of Catullus and Horace.  Poems are read with attention paid to themes, poetic devices, contemporary cultural philosophy, historical background and metrical forms.  The Greek influences on Catullus and Horace are examined, as is modern poetry, which has been influenced to a great extent by these authors.

    A-level credit is available for this course with permission from the teacher and the department chair. Students may choose to undertake A-level assignments, the scope of which exceed that of the regular class. 

    Texts vary
    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • Latin Lyric Poetry 'A'

    Students read the poetry of Catullus and Horace.  Poems are read with attention paid to themes, poetic devices, contemporary cultural philosophy, historical background and metrical forms.  The Greek influences on Catullus and Horace are examined, as is modern poetry, which has been influenced to a great extent by these authors.

    A-level credit is available for this course with permission from the teacher and the department chair. Students may choose to undertake A-level assignments, the scope of which exceed that of the regular class.

    Texts vary
    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • French 2

    In French we use Vis-à-vis textbooks for the first two years of study.  Individual assignments present grammar formally and embedded in authentic cultural contexts. From French II onward, students read and discuss short novels and stories for vocabulary enrichment. By the end of level IV, students have seen all features of syntax and are working to enhance their proficiency in speaking, writing and reading in French.

    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • French 3

    In French we use Vis-à-vis textbooks for the first two years of study.  Individual assignments present grammar formally and embedded in authentic cultural contexts. From French II onward, students read and discuss short novels and stories for vocabulary enrichment. By the end of level IV, students have seen all features of syntax and are working to enhance their proficiency in speaking, writing and reading in French.

    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • French 3 'A'

    In French we use Vis-à-vis textbooks for the first two years of study.  Individual assignments present grammar formally and embedded in authentic cultural contexts. From French II onward, students read and discuss short novels and stories for vocabulary enrichment. By the end of level IV, students have seen all features of syntax and are working to enhance their proficiency in speaking, writing and reading in French.

    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • French 4

    In French we use Vis-à-vis textbooks for the first two years of study.  Individual assignments present grammar formally and embedded in authentic cultural contexts. From French II onward, students read and discuss short novels and stories for vocabulary enrichment. By the end of level IV, students have seen all features of syntax and are working to enhance their proficiency in speaking, writing and reading in French.

    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • French 4 'A'

    In French we use Vis-à-vis textbooks for the first two years of study.  Individual assignments present grammar formally and embedded in authentic cultural contexts. From French II onward, students read and discuss short novels and stories for vocabulary enrichment. By the end of level IV, students have seen all features of syntax and are working to enhance their proficiency in speaking, writing and reading in French.

    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • French Nationalism

    This course offers an analytical insight into a selection of works by French-speaking contemporary writers from the Caribbean and North and West Africa and the determining social, cultural and political events that helped shape their literary environment. We will read authors including Ousmane Sembène, Leopold S. Senghor, Aimé Césaire, Frantz Fanon, Mouloud Feraoun, Assia Djebbar, Tahar Ben Djelloun, and Henri Alleg, among others.  Students will explore the idea of “Négritude” through an in-depth study of works by the members of  "l'étudiant noir" a group established to eradicate the colonial imposed artificial divisions of the various African nations and to cement the African man under one banner. Literature and film will help to contextualize the political backdrop of post-World War II African politics and the elements that paved the way to independence for one third of the continent in the early 1960s. This context will situate the nationalistic sentiments in the selected readings. Along with readings, students will strengthen their listening skills by viewing several important films on this topic. They will also write in-class and at home essays and prepare class presentations to help extend and expand their oral and written proficiency in French.  

    A-level credit is available for this course with permission from the teacher and the department chair. Students may choose to undertake A-level assignments, the scope of which exceed that of the regular class.

    Prerequisite:  French 4, French 4‘A’, or above
    Full year course, 1.0 credit
    Requires Preapproval
  • Finding North: A Creative Writing Course in French ‘A’

    What happens when writers decide to compose in a language that is not their native one? What do they lose and, most importantly, what do they gain? This course will explore these questions and encourage students to find their own original voice in French by 1) exploring universal themes that are personal and meaningful (such as childhood, identity, love, and family) and how each author expresses those themes into their work 2) engaging in writing exercises, such as le pastiche, in which they will add their own creative spin to a theme, just as Marcel Duchamp did when he added a mustache to the Mona Lisa. The first semester will focus on the art of the short story where students will discuss what constitutes a compelling narrative in the works of writers such as Guy de Maupassant, Émile Zola, Marcel Proust, Jean-Marie le Clézio, Michel Tournier, Georges Perec, Simone de Beauvoir, Nancy Huston and Andrée Chedid. The second semester will concentrate on the poem by examining all forms of the poem, from the classical to the surreal, through the lens of poets such as Villon, Rimbaud, Baudelaire, Apollinaire, Lautréamont, Michaux, Ponge et Jaccottet. This course will be conducted in a workshop-type format in that students will be expected to not only generate and revise work on a regular basis, but to read and critique that of their classmates in a constructive matter. At the end of each semester, students will put together a literary review of their best work as well as a reading to share with the rest of the French community at Dalton, showing that one the most important reasons to learn a second language is to have a new, creative avenue to tell your story, write your poem.

    Prerequisite: One year of elective and by departmental permission
    Full year course: 1.0 credit
    Requires Preapproval
  • French Autobiography

    This course is designed to develop reading, writing and discussion skills in French.  We read autobiographical narratives and discuss short films grounded in childhood experiences:  authors includeEric-Emmanuel Schmitt, Gisèle Pineau, Fatima Mernissi, and Camara Laye.  Students explore through class discussion the ways authors process their perceptions of family dynamics, social contexts provided by school, neighborhood, and cultural norms, and larger political questions that filter into their lives as they near adulthood.  Assignments provide vocabulary to enhance reading comprehension and to develop conversation skills in French. Students also learn some vocabulary for persuasive argumentation in French.

    A-level credit is available for this course with permission from the teacher and the department chair. Students may choose to undertake A-level assignments, the scope of which exceed that of the regular class.
     
    Prerequisite: French 4, French 4‘A’, or above
    Full year course, 1.0 credit
    Requires Preapproval
  • French Autobiography 'A'

    This course is designed to develop reading, writing and discussion skills in French.  We read autobiographical narratives and discuss short films grounded in childhood experiences:  authors includeEric-Emmanuel Schmitt, Gisèle Pineau, Fatima Mernissi, and Camara Laye.  Students explore through class discussion the ways authors process their perceptions of family dynamics, social contexts provided by school, neighborhood, and cultural norms, and larger political questions that filter into their lives as they near adulthood.  Assignments provide vocabulary to enhance reading comprehension and to develop conversation skills in French. Students also learn some vocabulary for persuasive argumentation in French.

    A-level credit is available for this course with permission from the teacher and the department chair. Students may choose to undertake A-level assignments, the scope of which exceed that of the regular class. 
     
    Prerequisite: French 4, French 4‘A’, or above
    Full year course, 1.0 credit
    Requires Preapproval
  • Mandarin Chinese 1

    Texbooks for Mandarin are Huanying at levels 1 and A New China for A Changing China.  Ancillary materials include audiovisual materials, online exercises, interactive flash cards, and other independent learning resources to enhance students' experience.  Students are introduced to Chinese culture and traditions through a variety of authentic Mandarin-language materials, excursions, and in school visits by experts.

    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit
  • Mandarin Chinese 2

    Texbooks for Mandarin are Huanying at levels 1 and A New China for A Changing China.  Ancillary materials include audiovisual materials, online exercises, interactive flash cards, and other independent learning resources to enhance students' experience.  Students are introduced to Chinese culture and traditions through a variety of authentic Mandarin-language materials, excursions, and in school visits by experts. 

    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit
    Requires Preapproval
  • Mandarin Chinese 3

    Texbooks for Mandarin are Huanying at levels 1 and A New China for A Changing China.  Ancillary materials include audiovisual materials, online exercises, interactive flash cards, and other independent learning resources to enhance students' experience.  Students are introduced to Chinese culture and traditions through a variety of authentic Mandarin-language materials, excursions, and in school visits by experts. 

    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit
    Requires Preapproval
  • Mandarin Chinese 4

    Texbooks for Mandarin are Huanying at levels 1 and A New China for A Changing China.  Ancillary materials include audiovisual materials, online exercises, interactive flash cards, and other independent learning resources to enhance students' experience.  Students are introduced to Chinese culture and traditions through a variety of authentic Mandarin-language materials, excursions, and in school visits by experts. 

    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit
    Requires Preapproval
  • A Changing China

    A Changing China assumes a working familiarity with the basic structures of Mandarin and a corpus of approximately 700 common Chinese characters. In this course, students use their textbook, A New China, as a tool to explore a large variety of authentic, contemporary Mandarin-language materials, including websites, television programs, excerpts from articles, opinion pieces, fiction and films. Through analysis of these and other media, students become familiar with mainstream and alternative Chinese attitudes, opinions and styles. Through dialogue, role-play, research and writing, students learn to express and understand educated views of Chinese culture and society. Students acquire roughly 300 new characters, and class is conducted entirely in Mandarin.

    A-level credit is available for this course with permission from the teacher and the department chair. Students may choose to undertake A-level assignments, the scope of which exceed that of the regular class.

    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • Chinese History Through Stories

    Chinese History Through Stories is a course for students who have successfully completed A Changing China or are comparably conversant and literate in Mandarin. In this class, students will read and analyze short stories of major political, military, economic, cultural, and technological events and influential figures of Chinese history, and their impact on and relevance to modern day China. We also examine and learn to use the ever-so-important four-character idioms along the way. We watch and discuss several movies and movie excerpts based on popular historical events and legends such as Hero and The Battle at Red Cliff, and, when appropriate, compare them with similar Western stories.  Successful students emerge with a set of cultural and linguistic tools that allow them to engage China in a nuanced, sophisticated way. Class is conducted entirely in Mandarin.

    A-level credit is available for this course with permission from the teacher and the department chair. Students may choose to undertake A-level assignments, the scope of which exceed that of the regular class.

    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • Lands/People of Contemporary China

    Lands and People of Contemporary China is a seminar-level course. Chinese History Through Stories or equivalent proficiency with spoken and written Mandarin is prerequisite. Students in this course will study in depth the people and culture of China by taking a simulated journey around major regions of the country. While the focus will mainly be contemporary, we will examine historical roots of certain customs and landmarks.  China is a diverse country with more than 50 ethnic groups, all of whom have rich culture and customs. Even among the majority Han ethnicity, every region has its own unique flavor. So what is China? What does it mean for people and things to be Chinese? In this course, we examine the different people, customs, food and landmarks of mainland China. We will read authentic Chinese texts from print and digital media, and explore authentic audiovisual content available on the Internet. Class will be discussion based.  Class participation is crucial to this course. Students must be able to read authentic materials and to compose short and meaningful essays in Chinese.

    A-level credit is available for this course with permission from the teacher and the department chair. Students may choose to undertake A-level assignments, the scope of which exceed that of the regular class.

    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • Spanish 1

    Students work together in developing language proficiency, applying the grammatical structures by practicing them in a variety of situations including discussions, presentations and dialogues.  Through cultural readings and audiovisual materials, students are exposed to the Spanish spoken in different parts of the world.

    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • Spanish 2

    Students work together in developing language proficiency, applying the grammatical structures by practicing them in a variety of situations including discussions, presentations and dialogues.  Through cultural readings and audiovisual materials, students are exposed to the Spanish spoken in different parts of the world.

    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • Spanish 3

    Students work together in developing language proficiency, applying the grammatical structures by practicing them in a variety of situations including discussions, presentations and dialogues.  Through cultural readings and audiovisual materials, students are exposed to the Spanish spoken in different parts of the world.

    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • Spanish 3 'A'

    Students work together in developing language proficiency, applying the grammatical structures by practicing them in a variety of situations including discussions, presentations and dialogues.  Through cultural readings and audiovisual materials, students are exposed to the Spanish spoken in different parts of the world.

    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • Spanish 4

    Students work together in developing language proficiency, applying the grammatical structures by practicing them in a variety of situations including discussions, presentations and dialogues.  Through cultural readings and audiovisual materials, students are exposed to the Spanish spoken in different parts of the world.

    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • Spanish 4 ‘A’: We New Yorkers “Nosotros los Neoyorquinos”

    This interdisciplinary course, entitled “Nosotros los Neoyorquinos,” is organized into thematic units, the course will involve students in a study of the historical, social and cultural impact of Spanish-speaking New Yorkers, both in the present time, and throughout history. Students will strengthen and further develop their speaking, listening, reading and writing proficiency in Spanish as they explore different Latin-American communities in the five boroughs of New York City. Students will interact with Latinos in and around New York City, and use technology to connect with Spanish-speakers around the world in order to conduct oral history interviews, design and conduct research, and create joint projects. Major themes include communities (family, school, neighborhood, city), immigration (movement of people into and out of the city, population density over time, etc.), the environment (the use of natural resources, etc.), Spanish language and cultures (etymology, how cultures evolve, encounter of cultures and civilizations), and the arts (dance, literature, visual arts, etc.).  Students’ progress will be assessed through evaluation of proficiency in language as well as demonstrated understanding of cultural products, practices, and perspectives.

    Prerequisite: Permission of Instructor
    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit
    Requires Preapproval
  • Spanish Conversation and Composition

    The Conversation and Composition course aims to strengthen speaking and writing skills in Spanish.  We begin the year with a discussion of potentially controversial topics and questions pertaining to each.  Students choose discussion topics and the order in which they are debated. In the past, these themes have included alcohol and drug policies, censorship, violence, affirmative action, human rights, immigration, and current issues.  In–class discussions and debates typically involve initial free discussion, identification of key questions, some research and a paper or a formal in-class presentation. Writing may take a creative approach in addition to the formal paper.  Students are expected to come out of each unit better informed about the different sides of each issue. Reading articles and literary excerpts, listening to music and watching movies are additional means for students to expand their breadth of expression and understanding of culture in Spanish.

    Prerequisite: Spanish Level 4 or departmental permission
    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • Spanish: Literature and Food in Latin America 'A'

    In this course, students are invited to bring their appetite for all things gourmet as we explore 20th century Latin American literary works through the lens of food.  We will analyze the many flavors of culinary literature, written for and by native Spanish speakers.  In the course, we will compare and contrast cultures and perspectives through topics such as Poets in the Kitchen, Authors and their Favorite Dishes, Literary Recipes for Love, and Savory Myths.  By the end of the year, students will be able to understand the complex network of historical, political, cultural and social contexts that influenced the creation of these works through the thematic ingredients of society, gender, time, space and reality.  Our menu of readings includes short stories, poetry and short fiction by Cortázar, Esquivel, Borges and Neruda among others. Students will have the opportunity to improve their reading, writing and oral skills via class discussions, a portfolio de commentaries and self-reflection, and in-class essays.  ¡Buen provecho!

    Prerequisite: Spanish Level 4 and departmental permission
    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • Spanish: Language and Culture

    Lengua y Cultura” will give the students the opportunity to explore Hispanic culture in both contemporary and historical contexts. Through this course, students will develop awareness of and appreciation for the different cultures throughout the Hispanic world and compare them with their own communities. Some of the topics covered will be Global challenges, the Arts, Contemporary Life, Communities, Science and Technology, Personality and Personalities, Hispanic history and Literature. Students will present their own opinions and develop arguments, both orally and in writing. They will learn how to identify different registers and address different audiences (e.g. how to write an e-mail, text message, a formal letter, an essay, how to do an oral presentation, etc.). Students will be exposed to Spanish spoken by native speakers, with different regional pronunciations through authentic cultural audioclips and videos. Part of this course will be developed by the teacher, and part of it will be developed by the students, according to their interests and passions.

    A-level credit is available for this course with permission from the teacher and the department chair. Students may choose to undertake A-level assignments, the scope of which exceed that of the regular class.

    Prerequisite: Spanish Level 4 or above
    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • Spanish: Language and Culture ‘A’

    Lengua y Cultura” will give the students the opportunity to explore Hispanic culture in both contemporary and historical contexts. Through this course, students will develop awareness of and appreciation for the different cultures throughout the Hispanic world and compare them with their own communities. Some of the topics covered will be Global challenges, the Arts, Contemporary Life, Communities, Science and Technology, Personality and Personalities, Hispanic history and Literature. Students will present their own opinions and develop arguments, both orally and in writing. They will learn how to identify different registers and address different audiences (e.g. how to write an e-mail, text message, a formal letter, an essay, how to do an oral presentation, etc.). Students will be exposed to Spanish spoken by native speakers, with different regional pronunciations through authentic cultural audioclips and videos. Part of this course will be developed by the teacher, and part of it will be developed by the students, according to their interests and passions.

    A-level credit is available for this course with permission from the teacher and the department chair. Students may choose to undertake A-level assignments, the scope of which exceed that of the regular class.

    Prerequisite: Spanish Level 4 or above
    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • Spanish: Hispanic Cinema

    This course offers a window into Spanish and Latin American societies and cultures through cinema. It works toward broadening the knowledge of the Spanish-speaking world and offers students the opportunity to exercise the spoken and written language. The curriculum includes films from four countries that broadly represent geographical and cultural regions of the Spanish-speaking world and the major centers of film production: Cuba, Argentina, Spain, and Mexico.  Projects allow students to study films from other countries as well. The students make brief presentations on pertinent historical, cultural, and political issues for each country that serve as the context for that country’s films. Students also keep a regular diary to note responses, observations, impressions, and questions about the scenes viewed in class. Semester projects allow the student to explore film further in a scholarly or creative manner, for example the study of a film or director, a sound score, cinematographic techniques or the creation of a film short, music for a scene, or an original script.  

    A-level credit is available for this course with permission from the teacher and the department chair. Students may choose to undertake A-level assignments, the scope of which exceed that of the regular class. 

    Prerequisite:  one year of elective or departmental permission
    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • Lit of the Spanish-Speaking Caribbean 'A'

    his course will explore the Spanish-speaking Caribbean: Puerto Rico, Cuba, and the Dominican Republic through its literature. We will read and discuss poetry, essays, short stories, plays, and novels that inform us about the peoples, cultures, history, and profound issues of this region.  The course will be organized around five basic topics: Conquest and Colonization, Identity, Migration, the Diaspora, and differences and commonalities among the three islands. Assessments will not always be limited to written tests and essays. The students will be able to design projects according to their passion: art, music, food, dance, politics and history. We will also see how these islands have certain experiences and cultural elements in common with the French and English-speaking Antilles and how their history and people are tied to our own.

    Prerequisite: One year of elective or departmental permission.
    Full Year Course, 1.0 credit, approval required
    Requires Preapproval
  • Arabic Language through Culture I

    Through study of Levantine (Jordanian) Arabic and the Arabic writing system, students develop Novice proficiency in interpersonal communication. Students will be able to communicate in spontaneous spoken conversations on very familiar and everyday topics, including personal introductions, families, daily routines, and preferences, using a variety of practiced or memorized words, phrases, simple sentences, and questions.

    This course is offered through our partnership with Global Online Academy (GOA).
    Requires Preapproval
  • Arabic Language through Culture III

    Students in Arabic III have demonstrated Intermediate interpersonal proficiency in Arabic (MSA or a dialect) through two years in Arabic Language Through Culture or other coursework, and have demonstrated an ability to work online independently and reliably with instructors and peers in Arabic Language Through Culture or another GOA class. Students in Arabic III will have opportunities to direct their own study through choice of material and topic. They will use Arabic to interact with native speakers on topics of their choosing, and to explore topics of interest through a variety of media (written works, audio, video, face-to-face interviews).

    This course is offered through our partnership with Global Online Academy (GOA).
    Requires Preapproval
  • Japanese Language through Culture I

    This full-year course is a unique combination of Japanese culture and language, weaving cultural comparison with the study of basic Japanese language and grammar. While examining various cultural topics such as literature, art, lifestyle and economy, students learn the basics of the Japanese writing system (Hiragana and Katakana), grammar and vocabulary. Through varied synchronous and asynchronous assignments, including hands-on projects and face-to-face communications, students develop their speaking, listening, reading and writing skills. The cultural study and discussions are conducted in English, with topics alternating every two to three weeks. The ultimate goal of this course is to raise awareness and appreciation of different cultures through learning the basics of the Japanese language. The focus of this course is 60 percent on language and 40 percent on culture. This course is appropriate for beginner-level students.

    This course is offered through our partnership with Global Online Academy (GOA).
    Requires Preapproval
  • Japanese Language through Culture II

    Through language learning, students in this course share their voices, cultivate global perspectives, and foster appreciation of self and others. Students expand their knowledge of the basic skills introduced in Japanese Language Through Culture I while further developing their speaking, listening, writing, and reading skills. Each unit follows the IPA model (Integrated Performance Assessment), blending three modes of communication: interpretation of authentic material in Japanese, synchronous and asynchronous practice in speaking and writing, and oral and written presentations. Each unit focuses on one of the following cultural topics: Design and Expression, Ecology, Entertainment, East meets West, Harmony, and Nature. In addition, students will have the opportunity to select and pursue topics of their own interest. Grammar topics will cover the essential forms that are typically introduced in the second and third year of a high school Japanese program. By learning the Dictionary Form, Nominalizer, TE form, TA form, NAI form, and Noun Modifier, students are able to add more complexity to their sentence construction. In doing so, they shift from forming simple sentences to communicating in a coherent paragraph. As online learners, students are expected to exhibit superb time management and communication skills, as well as take ownership of their learning. While grammar instruction will be delivered through asynchronous work and face-to-face meetings, much of the course content will be curated and created by students through their research and collaboration. The focus of this course is 60 percent on language and 40 percent on culture. Prerequisite: Japanese Language Through Culture I or permission from the instructor.

    This course is offered through our partnership with Global Online Academy (GOA).
    Requires Preapproval
  • Japanese Language through Culture III

    Students in Japanese III have mastered most of the conjugation patterns (TE/TA form, dictionary form, and NAI form) that are necessary to speak and write in complex structures. While advancing their grammatical knowledge (including giving and receiving, potential form, and honorific form), students will compare and examine similar functions and their subtle differences. In speaking, students are allowed to speak in informal/casual style with each other and with the teacher in order to solidify their control of the Plain Form. Interpersonal communications will be done through face-to-face conversation and recorded messages.  In reading and listening, students will curate, share, and practice with grasping the gist of authentic materials. Such material may include TV commercials, news, movies, children's books, online newspapers, and cooking recipes. In writing, students will work on creative writing, expository writing, and analytical writing (compare-and-contrast in the AP format). Semester 1 will incorporate JLPT N5 exam material. Taking the exam is not necessary but encouraged. In Semester 2, students will participate in that GOA Catalyst Conference.

    This course is offered through our partnership with Global Online Academy (GOA).
    Requires preapproval

Faculty

  • Lori Langer de Ramirez

    Director of World and Classical Languages
    (212) 423-5482
    SUNY, New Paltz - B.A.
    CUNY, Queens College - M.S.
    Teachers College, Columbia University - Ed.D.
  • Allison Albino

    French Teacher
    (212) 423-5495 x3078
    New York University - M.A.
    Sarah Lawrence College - B.A.
  • Marc Bendali

    Middle and High School French Teacher
    (212) 423-5495 x3150
    University of Algiers - B.A.
    Institut Charles V, Université de Paris VII - M.A.
    Boston University - M.S.
    Tufts University, The Fletcher School - A.M.
  • Flor Berman

    World Languages Teacher
    (212) 423-5495 x3131
    University Center Cesar Ritz - B.S.
    New Jersey City University - M.A.
    Montclair State University - M.A.
  • Johanna Braff

    Middle and High School Latin Teacher
    (212) 423-5495 x3021
    Swarthmore College - B.A.
    University of Pennsylvania - Post Baccalaureate
    University of Maryland - M.A.
    C.U.N.Y. - M.Phil.
  • Eva Burgoyne

    Mandarin Teacher
    (212) 423-5495 x3189
    Seattle University - B.A.
    Seattle University - M.Ed.
  • Tzuchih Chien

    Middle and High School Mandarin Teacher
    (212) 423-5495 x3009
    University of California, Berkeley - B.A.
    NYU - M.A.
  • Tracy Christopher

    Middle and High School French Teacher
    (212) 423-5296
    Washington University - B.A., summa cum laude
    New York University - M.A.
    New York University - Ph.D.
  • Carmen Herrera

    World Languages Teacher
    (212) 423-5200
    University of Cordoba, Spain
    Middlesex University, London
    University of Bari, Italy
  • Maria Madinaveitia

    Middle and High School Spanish Teacher
    (212) 423-5495 x3148
    Teachers College, Columbia University - M.A.
  • Fatima Mhinat

    Middle and High School French Teacher
    (212) 423-5495 x3008
    University of Delaware - M.A.
    Université de Savoie, France - M.A.
    Université de Savoie, France - D.E.A
  • Maria Nebres

    Middle and High School Spanish Teacher
    (212) 423-5495 x3149
    University at Albany - B.A.
    University of Salamanca - M.A.
  • Cortney Norris

    Middle and High School Latin Teacher
    (212) 423-5495 x3164
    University of Washington - B.A.
    University of California Berkeley - M.A.
  • Carlos San Juan

    Middle and High School Spanish Teacher
    (212) 423-5495 x8626
    Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico(UNAM) - B.S.
    City University of New York-Baruch College - M.S. Applied Mathematics For Finance
    State University of New York - B.A. Mathematics and Technology
    Klingenstein Center for Independent School Leadership, Columbia University - M.Ed. Organization and Leadership
  • Hugh Thornton

    Middle and High School Latin Teacher
    (212) 423-5495 x3207
    Columbia University - B.A.
    Graduate Center of City University of New York - M.A.
  • Michele Viard-Andre

    Middle and High School French and Spanish Teacher
    (212) 423-5304
    University of Puerto Rico - B.A.
    New York University - M.A.
  • Cindy Wu

    World Languages Teacher
    (212) 423-5495 x3168
    National Hsinchu University - B.A.
    New York University - M.A.
212.423.5200 | info@dalton.org
(K-3) 53 East 91st Street, New York, NY 10128
(4-12) 108 East 89th Street, New York, NY 10128